Shabtis and  ancient Egypt
The Shabti Collections
The Amasis Collection
SHABTIS A Private View
Glenn Janes
Second Intermediate Period
During the Second Intermediate Period, a time of internal instability in Egypt, the practice of having shabtis in tombs more or less ceased for few examples are known. However, in certain places, particularly Thebes, very crudely carved wooden figures resembling tent–pegs or sticks have been found [57]-[60]. These were called shawabtis, probably after the word for Persea wood (shawab). Although few figures have undergone analysis, some were probably made from this wood. Inscriptions are usually written in hieratic. A number are inscribed with the offering formula (htp di nsw.t) although there are a few examples with Chapter 6 of the Book of the Dead including some that are much more carefully
carved [61]. Shawabtis were sometimes placed in miniatures coffins, even in pairs [62]. Many shawabtis were dedicated by relatives of the deceased. One example is known that is made of limestone and as such is very rare [63]. It has the chiselled wig and facial features as found on the crude wooden figures although obviously the modelling is much more refined.

There is also a wonderfully bizarre shabti, also made of limestone and one of a pair that are known, that was perhaps made during the transition into the New Kingdom [64].
[57] Name illegible (Liverpool, WM M13598)
[58] Ahhotep (Liverpool, WM
[59] Tanefert (Liverpool, WM 1973.1.469)
[60] Tetisaintef (Manchester, MM 6038)
[61] Djehuty (Liverpool, WM
[62] Tetinefer and ?Tetian (Southport, 144)
[63] Seniemiah (art market, New York)
[64] Tamiat (art market, London)